Data in the sky - Summer 2016

Air traffic analysis is key to understanding the different market segments. At Europair, we examine in detail the primary EU markets. This enables us not only to observe trend developments and identify new business opportunities, but also to offer our customers and suppliers very valuable, comprehensive and constantly updated information. Here we present to you the new "Data in the Sky - Summer Season", where you can view the most relevant air traffic data and interact easily with the charts.

All the charts have been developed using data from AENA and Eurocontrol. They exclusively reflect outbound operation data.

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Interactive graphics

The Summer Season...

... runs from the last week of March to the fourth week of October, always coinciding with the European Union countries’ autumn and springtime changing of the clocks. The type of market demand and passenger profiles are very different for the summer and winter seasons. That’s why IATA established the two seasons that govern commercial flights calendar for the aviation industry’s.

Season 2016

How has this season been in Spain?


~ 78.500.000 passengers
10 %


~ 595.000 flights
7,5 %

Much better than the last season, it seems! However, it’s a good idea to look in detail at these figures, as they conceal a lot of surprising information. In this report we will discover many interesting features of air traffic. Let's begin.

Historical traffic and market share

In the first chart we can see that this season has gone much better than the last one, especially for the scheduled.

The total number of scheduled flights has increased by 9% and charter traffic by 3%.

The overall the evolution of traffic is positive, with 4 summer seasons on the rise.

But do charter flights constitute much of the market share?

The summer season is the most important for this segment, with one flight out of ten being charter (representing a total of ~ 57.000).

This seasonal traffic is very important for certain tourist markets like Balearic and Canary Islands.

Evolution by month

When we look in detail, we see the main differences between the two seasons of scheduled air traffic.

Analyzing each of the months separately we can see that the seasonality does not change, the two best months being July and August

It was similar with charter air traffic, with less volume.

The peak of non-regular operations this year occurred in the month of July, with ~ 10,000 flights.

Airports and airlines

Now that we know the market share and trends concerning scheduled and charter flights, would you be interested in seeing the distribution of each of the AENA network airports? This treemap chart is interactive and has 3 layers. The first shows each airport’s volume of market share by operation; the second indicates the relevance of scheduled and charter traffic, and the third shows, the main airlines for each segment. Hold your cursor over the second layer for a moment to see the total figure. You may navigate using the two buttons on your mouse.

Do you know the codes? Look at this amazing map to see more information on our airports!

Top airlines


Ryanair is the leading airline in our country, closely followed by Vueling. Norwegian stands out by joining the top 10, consolidating its position in the European market.

In charter traffic we can notice the strong component of tour operation from North and Eastern Europe, as well as of other commercial services, private aviation, helicopters and air cargo.




These maps show the countries connected by air to from Spain. The darker the shade, the greater the number of operations (place your cursor above the country to see the number).

No surprise: the United Kingdom, Germany, France and Italy are the main scheduled traffic markets.

The Netherlands, Switzerland and Belgium also occupy an important part of this segment.

Note the extensive operation that is being carried out in northern Europe, especially Norway, Sweden and Denmark.


With regards to charter traffic, the United Kingdom market continues to be the leader, followed from far by France (they are separated by ~ 9.000 flights!) and Germany.

Other countries, such as Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Sweden and Denmark also stand out in this segment.

Traffic Flow


The following charts (Sankey diagrams) are very interesting, showing the outbound traffic flow from the Spanish peninsular airports and those of the Canary and Balearic Islands, to every country. Place your cursor above every line to see the total number of flights.

It’s clear that scheduled traffic is concentrated in the Spanish domestic market. However, scheduled flights to the United Kingdom and Germany from the Balearic Islands show a very interesting share.


Concerning charter traffic, the Balearic Islands market is mostly heading abroad (to United Kingdom, Germany, France...). Regarding Canary Islands, the connections to Poland and Netherlands stand out.

Main routes

These charts – which are reminiscent of old hifi minisystems equalizers – are histograms and in this report represent the top 50 routes by volume of flights. In intervals of 3,000 flights for scheduled routes and 150 flights for charter routes. Place the cursor above each block to see the route.

Looking in detail at scheduled traffic, we see that the four main routes are domestic. However, if we consider all London airports as a single destination, the British capital would be in second position.

For charter routes, relevance of the British market is evident, with London and Manchester the first and second position in the ranking. Looking at the rest of routes, it is worth noting that a wide range of european airports are connected to Spain.


We did not want to omit from the study the aeronautical sector’s most charismatic protagonist: the aircraft. While Airbus and Boeing are manufacturers par excellence, there are others which are no less important, such as ATR, Embraer, Bombardier ... These manufacturers’ aircraft, which usually have fewer than 120 seat-capacity, cover secondary European markets, regional and charter routes.

Concerning scheduled traffic, 53% of the total consists of the Boeing 737 and Airbus 320 models, while charter traffic is evenly distributed over a wider variety of aircraft models and manufacturers, from cargo aircraft (Boeing 737-400) to private jets (Cessna Citation family).

The Summer Season in Europe

Historical evolution

After studying the Spanish market, let's we move to the continent. Then we analyse the most representative of the data, such as the evolution of operations and segment market share of each country. To close this report, we have prepared an eye-catching interactive chord diagram of the flow of flights between countries. The source of this data is Eurocontrol

For years there was no growth in the traditional segment (+ 2%). Low cost traffic continues to increase at a good pace. Regarding the charter segments and business aviation, it can be seen how, for 10 years, the executive traffic surpassed the non-regular. The trend of the latter is down year after year.


These maps show the share of each market segment, in percentages.

As far as the traditional flight segment is concerned (in grey), Scandinavian countries stand out for their high share (with percentages generally over 60 %) while the levels for the rest of western Europe are approximately 50%. Whereas for the United Kingdom, Spain and Italy, the low-cost traffic segment (in yellow) accounts for a significant share of their total traffic.

Concerning the charter segment (in blue), Eastern europe records the highest quotas. Norway, Denmark, Poland and Netherlands also stand out. Lastly, the executive aviation segment (in red) has always been more established in the predominant European economies, as is the case with France, Switzerland, Germany and Austria.

Total traffic flows

This chart shows the flow of flights between countries in the summer season for every segment. The larger the radius, the greater the volume of operations. Similarly, the thicker the line connecting two countries, the bigger the increase in traffic flow. Place your cursor over a country or a line to see the total flow. Explore this chart and come to your own conclusions! (In case you need them, here is a link to ISO codes)

Traffic flow by segments

If you’re interested in seeing the flow by segments, click on each chart.

We hope you have enjoyed reading this report! Just let us know if you would like a personalised report or market analysis.

With more than 20 years’ experience in the market, Europair is the leading air broker in Spain, and the only one with both of the quality certifications: ISO 9001 and the "Q" for tourism quality.